The notou goliath imperial pigeon is a breed of pigeon native to Papua New Guinea. This breed is known for its large size and distinctive coloring, predominantly green and blue plumage with a yellow base.
They are primarily kept as exhibition birds rather than for their meat or egg production. The notou goliath imperial pigeon is an impressive breed with its signature size and vibrant coloring.
In this guide, I will explore the history, characteristics, and care requirements of the Notou Goliath imperial pigeon in detail so you can decide if this impressive pigeon is right for you.
The History of Notou Goliath Imperial Pigeon Breed
The notou goliath imperial pigeon is a fascinating and exotic breed that has captured the hearts of many bird lovers worldwide. Originating from the forests of new caledonia, this breed has a rich history worth exploring.
This pigeon breed is native to the new Caledonia archipelago in the southwestern pacific ocean. The breed is unique because it is endemic to only two regional islands. It was discovered in 1774 during the second voyage of captain cook.
The bird is a beautiful creature with a unique physical description and social behavior. Its diet plays a vital role in the forest ecosystem. While not much is known about its breeding habits, the notou goliath imperial pigeon remains an intriguing and beloved bird species.
Physical Characteristics of Notou Goliath Imperial Pigeon Breed
The notou goliath imperial pigeon is a fascinating bird to observe. The physical features make the notou goliath imperial pigeon an impressive and captivating bird, and they are a must-see for bird enthusiasts.
- Size: these pigeons are considered one of the largest in the world, with an average length of 70 cm.
- Weight: males weigh between 950-1,400 grams, while females weigh 700-1,100 grams.
- Plumage: this breed has beautiful, glossy, predominantly white feathers with blue-greyish undertones. The head, back, and wings are brown with an iridescent greenish-blue sheen.
- Beak and feet: notou goliath imperial pigeons have a short, heavy beak that is black, and their strong feet are bright coral red.
- Eyes: these pigeons have medium-sized eyes that are dark reddish-brown.
- Voice: their call is a deep, resonant hoo-hoo that carries through the forest.
- Gender identification: males have a pinkish-white crest on their foreheads, while females lack this feature.
The behavior of Notou Goliath Imperial Pigeon Breed
Specific behavioral traits of this particular pigeon breed might not be as extensively documented as those of more common domestic pigeon breeds. However, certain general behaviors can be attributed to many pigeon species, including the Notou Goliath Imperial Pigeon:
Notou goliath imperial pigeons are very active birds requiring a lot of space to move around. Flying is their natural and preferred activity. They also enjoy walking, running, and foraging on the ground. Maintaining a diverse environment for physical activity is crucial for their behavioral wellbeing.
These birds have a unique way of communicating. They use a variety of vocalizations, including coos, grunts, and croons. They may also use body language to express themselves, such as puffing up their feathers. Pigeons are known to be social birds and often communicate with each other through these methods.
Notou goliath imperial pigeons are monogamous and mate for life. They build a nest together by collecting twigs, grass, and other materials, and they may also use nesting boxes.
Once the nest is built, the female will lay one or two eggs, which both parents will take turns incubating. The male pigeon often brings food to the female pigeon during this time.
Feeding is an essential part of the behavior of these birds. Notou goliath imperial pigeons are herbivores that primarily feed on fruits and seeds. They also require access to clean water for drinking and bathing. Providing the right diet and nutrition is essential to keep these birds healthy and happy.
Pigeons are territorial birds and will defend their space and resources from other birds. They may become aggressive towards other pigeons and display territorial behavior towards humans entering their space.
It is essential to keep this in mind when providing a home for these birds and avoid overcrowding that can lead to fights amongst them.
Notou goliath imperial pigeons often engage in courtship behavior during the breeding season. Males may engage in elaborate displays, such as bowing, cooing, and puffing out their feathers, while females may respond with cooing sounds.
It is essential to provide a proper environment for them during this time because they can be easily stressed.
Notou goliath imperial pigeons need proper rest to maintain their health and wellbeing. They prefer sleeping during the night but can also rest during the day. It would be best to provide a secure and comfortable place for them to rest, away from any potential predators.
Caring for Notou Goliath Imperial Pigeon Breed
If you plan to keep a notou goliath imperial pigeon, you must know how to care for it properly. In this guide, we will go over the essential aspects of caring for this pigeon breed.
When housing your notou goliath imperial pigeon, providing a safe and comfortable environment is essential.
- The minimum cage size for a single pigeon should be 24x24x24 inches.
- Ensure the cage is spacious enough for the pigeon to move around comfortably.
- The cage should have plenty of perches, preferably made from natural wood.
- Keep the cage clean and sanitary by cleaning it weekly, changing the bedding, and removing any uneaten food.
Feeding your notou goliath imperial pigeon should consist of a balanced and healthy diet, including the following:
- Provide fresh water at all times.
- Feed them a high-quality pigeon mix, which includes seeds, grains, and legumes.
- Their diet includes fresh fruits and veggies like kale, spinach, broccoli, and apples.
- Limit the amount of treats you give them to avoid overfeeding.
Grooming your notou goliath imperial pigeon should be part of your regular care routine.
- Bathe your pigeon at least once a week by misting them with lukewarm water.
- Trim the pigeon’s nails monthly using a nail clipper designed for birds.
- Keep the beak trimmed by giving your pigeon adequate toys and cuttlebone to wear it down naturally.
- Check your pigeon’s feathers for any signs of mites or lice and treat if necessary.
Exercise and Playtime
Besides providing adequate housing and food, notou goliath imperial pigeons also need playtime and exercise to stay healthy and happy.
- Allow your pigeon to fly around the room for at least an hour each day.
- Provide plenty of toys, such as swings, perches, and balls, to entertain your pigeon.
- Encourage your pigeon to exercise its mind with puzzles or games.
Health Checkups and Medical Care
Keeping your notou goliath imperial pigeon healthy includes regular checkups with an avian veterinarian.
- Schedule annual checkups with a vet to keep your pigeon’s health in check.
- Watch out for signs of illness, such as unusual behavior, lack of appetite, or lethargy.
- Learn how to give medication to your pigeon if necessary.
Pet safety is of utmost importance while caring for notou goliath imperial pigeons.
- Supervise your pigeon when it is out of the cage to ensure it does not get into anything dangerous.
- Avoid placing the cage in direct sunlight or overtly warm areas.
- Keep toxic substances out of reach of your notou goliath imperial pigeon.
The Notou Goliath Imperial Pigeon Breeding Guide
Breeding the Notou Goliath Imperial Pigeon requires careful attention to their natural habitat, nesting preferences, and dietary needs. Here’s a general guide to help you with the breeding process:
Habitat and Enclosure
- Spacious Aviary: Provide a large and secure aviary mimicking their natural habitat. The enclosure should allow for free flight and include perches for roosting.
- Natural Elements: Include natural elements like plants, branches, and nesting materials to create a comfortable and stimulating environment.
- Healthy Birds: Choose healthy, mature pairs with vibrant feathers, clear eyes, and active behavior.
- Compatibility: Ensure the birds are compatible and display natural courtship behaviors.
Diet and Nutrition
- Balanced Diet: Offer a well-balanced pigeon feed supplemented with fruits, vegetables, and seeds. Adequate nutrition is crucial for successful breeding.
- Calcium Supplements: Provide calcium supplements, such as cuttlebone or crushed eggshells, especially during the breeding season to support egg formation.
- Courtship: Notou Goliath Imperial Pigeons engage in courtship behaviors, including mutual preening, cooing, and billing. Watch for these signs to confirm their readiness to breed.
- Nesting Site: Provide a suitable nesting site, such as a platform or nest box, in a quiet and secluded aviary area. Pigeons often prefer nesting in elevated locations.
Egg Laying and Incubation
- Egg Laying: After successful courtship, the female will lay one or two eggs. Ensure the nesting area is lined with suitable material to warm the eggs.
- Incubation: Both parents are responsible for incubating the eggs, which typically hatch within 18 to 20 days.
- Feeding: Both parents feed the chicks a special secretion called “pigeon milk,” a highly nutritious substance essential for their early growth.
- Protection: The parents protect the chicks and keep them warm. Avoid disturbances during this crucial period.
Weaning and Independence
- Weaning: Chicks start to fledge (develop feathers) around 15 to 20 days after hatching. They are weaned gradually, learning to feed on their own.
- Independence: Young pigeons become fully independent after a few weeks, at which point they can be separated from the parents if desired.
Monitoring and Care
- Regular Check-ups: Monitor the breeding pair and chicks regularly for any signs of illness. Seek veterinary care if needed.
- Hygiene: Maintain a clean environment to prevent diseases. Regularly clean the aviary, including the nesting area.
Patience and Observation
- Observation: Observe the birds closely to understand their behaviors and needs. Every pair may have unique requirements.
- Patience: Breeding can be a slow process, and not all pairs may breed successfully every time. Be patient and allow the birds to establish their natural rhythm.
The note goliath imperial pigeon is an impressive bird breed with much to offer. They are undoubtedly unique creatures, from their beautiful appearance to their distinct vocalizations. As a large bird breed, they require proper care and adequate space to thrive.
However, for those willing to put in the effort they can make for loving and loyal pets. It’s important to remember that the notou goliath imperial pigeon is not a common breed and may require additional research to ensure proper care.
If you’re considering adding one of these majestic birds to your home, consult a reputable breeder or avian veterinarian.