Scandaroon pigeons are a beautiful and unique breed that has been cultivated for centuries and diverge from the typical pigeon appearance. They are selectively bred pigeons developed in northern Europe from an ancient breed believed to have originated in the Middle East.
These pigeons are distinguished for their pronounced curved beaks, elongated necks, and impressive aerial prowess. Formerly Scandaroon pigeons were bred for meat due to their size. But modern breeders now value them for exhibition and as pets.
This piece will provide both new and experienced keepers with everything they need to know about the Scandaroon pigeons. I will delve into the history, appearance, behavior, temperament, suitability as pets, and specific care requirements of this breed. So keep reading!
History & Origin of Scandaroon Pigeons
The Scandaroon pigeon, an intriguing breed with a rich history, has its origins rooted in the Middle East, making it a captivating and culturally significant avian species.
While the exact beginnings of the Scandaroon pigeon remain a bit of a mystery, it was first officially documented back in 1599 by Italian professor Ulisse Aldrovandi. He called them “Columba turcica” or “Columba persica,” hinting at their possible ties to Turkey and Persia.
Different regions gave this breed various names, like “Scandaroon” in English-speaking areas and “Neurenberger Bagadet” in the Netherlands, reflecting its global appeal and intrigue.
The Scandaroon pigeon’s origin sparks interesting theories. One suggests its name might have come from “Iskenderun,” a Turkish city near the Syrian border, where it could have been initially bred. Another theory connects it to the Turkish word for Alexander, possibly linking the breed to Alexander the Great and his potential use of these pigeons for message delivery during his conquests.
Scandaroon Pigeons’ Unique Physical Characteristics
The unique and visually captivating physical attributes of Scandaroon pigeons set them apart from other pigeon breeds. Let’s explore these characteristics in more detail.
Size and Body
Scandaroon pigeons are notably larger compared to common pigeon breeds, typically weighing between 625 to 850 grams on average. Some adult pigeons within this breed have even been known to reach impressive weights of 1 to 2 kilograms, making them one of the heavier pigeon breeds.
These pigeons have robust, well-proportioned bodies with broad chests and strong, muscular wings. They typically measure around 40 to 45 cm in length with a wingspan of 65-75 cm. This substantial size gives them a commanding presence and sets them apart from smaller pigeon varieties, making them quite distinctive within the world of pigeons.
Head and Crest
One of the most defining features of Scandaroon pigeons is their head, adorned with a prominent and rounded crest of feathers. This crest adds an elegant and regal touch to their appearance, setting them apart from other pigeons. The crest extends from the forehead and forms a striking crown, making it a focal point of their unique look.
Scandaroon pigeons possess a long, slender beak that gently curves downward. This unique beak shape is both aesthetically appealing and functional. It aids in their feeding and foraging activities, allowing them to grasp and consume seeds and grains with precision.
They boast a long and graceful neck, complementing their overall elegant profile. This elongated neck is a defining characteristic of the breed and adds to their regal appearance. It flows seamlessly from their prominent head and crest, enhancing their striking silhouette.
Scandaroon pigeons exhibit a wide variety of plumage colors, including but not limited to white, black, blue, yellow and red. The diversity in their plumage adds to their visual appeal, and breeders often appreciate the range of colors available within this breed. The combination of their colorful feathers with the regal crest and distinctive beak creates a visually captivating contrast.
Legs and Feet
Their legs are relatively short but sturdy, supporting their robust body. They possess strong feet with well-developed claws, reflecting their adaptability and resilience. These feet are essential for perching, walking, and maintaining balance, as well as foraging activities on various surfaces.
Behavioral Traits and Temperament
Scandaroon pigeons are known for their calm and gentle temperament, making them well-suited for various roles, including as pets and for exhibition purposes. Here are some key behavioral traits and characteristics of Scandaroon pigeons:
These pigeons are generally docile birds. They are not known for aggressiveness and tend to be peaceful in their interactions with other pigeons and their human caretakers.
These are also social creatures and often thrive in the company of other pigeons. They enjoy flock dynamics and are known to form strong bonds with their fellow birds.
Scandaroon pigeons are distinguished by their high flying capacity. They can achieve remarkable speeds of up to 60 kilometers per hour, showcasing their impressive flying and soaring abilities. This flying prowess adds to their charm and allure.
Like all pigeons, Scandaroon pigeons use cooing sounds as a means of communication. These vocalizations can vary in pitch and intensity and are often used to signal their presence to other pigeons.
Foraging Behavior and Their Diet
The diet of Scandaroon pigeons primarily consists of seeds and grains. They are granivorous birds, meaning they primarily feed on various types of seeds, including sunflower seeds, millet, wheat, and corn. In the wild, they forage for these seeds on the ground. They are adaptable eaters and can adjust their diet based on available options.
When kept as pets, their diet can be supplemented with commercial pigeon feed, which provides the necessary nutrients and vitamins to ensure their health and well-being.
Types of Scandaroon Pigeons
Scandaroon pigeons exhibit remarkable diversity, with distinct types that showcase unique characteristics. Here’s a closer look at some of the notable Scandaroon pigeon types:
Among the recognized European Scandaroon types, the English Scandaroon stands as the smallest. It boasts a more compact body and a shorter beak when compared to its counterparts. This type is known for its balanced proportions, making it a distinctive member of the Scandaroon family.
In contrast, the French Scandaroon emerges as a larger variant within the Scandaroon pigeon spectrum. It features an elongated body and a notably longer beak compared to the English Scandaroon. This elongated physique adds to its unique allure and sets it apart within the breed.
Among the three recognized European Scandaroon types, the German Scandaroon takes the crown as the largest. It showcases a slender yet robust body and an elongated beak, emphasizing its majestic appearance.
The German Scandaroon’s size and distinct features make it a prominent representative of the Scandaroon lineage.
Scandaroon Pigeons’ Lifespan
Like many domestic pigeon breeds, Scandaroon pigeons typically have a lifespan ranging from 10 to 15 years when kept in captivity under proper care. Their longevity is influenced by factors such as diet, living conditions, and healthcare.
Providing a balanced diet that includes a variety of seeds, grains, and access to clean water is essential for their well-being and longevity. Maintaining a clean and comfortable living environment, protection from extreme weather conditions, and regular health check-ups can also contribute to a longer, healthier life for Scandaroon pigeons.
Care Guide for Scandaroon Pigeons as Pets
With their regal appearance and gentle temperament, Scandaroon pigeons can make delightful pets. Here’s a care guide to ensure their well-being:
Scandaroon pigeons thrive in a clean and comfortable living environment, such as a spacious cage or loft. Their housing should allow for freedom of movement and be situated in a quiet, tranquil area of the house, away from disturbances like loud noises and other pets.
Scandaroon pigeons are herbivores and enjoy a diet consisting of seeds like barley, corn, wheat, and whole grains, along with fresh fruits and vegetables. To ensure their well-being and longevity, it’s crucial to provide a balanced diet that includes these elements and to maintain a constant supply of fresh water.
Maintaining cleanliness is vital to prevent disease. Daily cleaning of the cage or loft and regular changes to the floor covering are essential. Additionally, Scandaroon pigeons should be bathed regularly to preserve the health and cleanliness of their feathers.
These intelligent birds require mental stimulation to ward off boredom. Enriching their environment with toys, perches, and other forms of entertainment can keep them mentally engaged and content.
Regular check-ups by an avian veterinarian are essential for the well-being of Scandaroon pigeons. Prompt attention should be given to any signs of illness, such as lethargy, loss of appetite, or respiratory issues. Early intervention can make a significant difference in their overall health and longevity.
What is the Best Drink for Scandaroon Pigeons?
Scandaroon pigeons are known for their unique and specific preferences when it comes to drinking habits. For these magnificent birds, water is a crucial element of their wellbeing. While there isn’t a specific drink that is labeled as the best for Scandaroon pigeons, providing them with fresh and clean water is essential to ensure their health and happiness. Understanding and accommodating their pigeons’ preferred drinking habits is key to maintaining their overall well-being.
Scandaroon Pigeon Breeding Guide
Breeding Scandaroon pigeons can be a rewarding endeavor for pigeon enthusiasts. Here’s a concise guide to the breeding process:
Selecting Breeding Pairs
Begin by choosing compatible breeding pairs. Ideally, pairs should consist of healthy and unrelated birds with desirable traits such as the characteristic crest, beak shape, and plumage colors.
Provide suitable nesting boxes or areas within the aviary or loft for the breeding pairs. These nesting spaces should be secure, clean, and comfortable.
Courtship and Mating
Scandaroon pigeons engage in courtship behaviors, including cooing, puffing up their feathers, and bobbing their heads. Once courtship is successful, they will mate.
Egg Laying and Incubation
After mating, the female will lay eggs, typically one or two. The eggs are incubated for about 17 to 19 days. During this period, ensure a stable temperature and humidity level.
Once the eggs hatch, both parents share the responsibility of feeding and caring for the chicks. Provide a balanced diet for the growing family.
Young Scandaroon pigeons will fledge (leave the nest) at around 28 to 32 days old. At this point, they should have access to food and water.
Monitoring and Health
Regularly monitor the breeding pairs and their offspring for any signs of illness or stress. Promptly address any health concerns with the guidance of an avian veterinarian.
Scandaroon pigeons are a unique and captivating breed known for their regal appearance and gentle temperament. With their distinctive profile, including a regal crest and gracefully curved beak, they make exceptional avian companions. They exhibit a calm and gentle temperament, making them ideal pets for enthusiasts and bird keepers.
Proper care for Scandaroon pigeons involves providing a clean environment, a balanced diet of seeds and grains, regular grooming, and mental stimulation. Their remarkable longevity, spanning 10 to 15 years, reflects the rewards of attentive care.
Breeding of these birds includes compatible pair selection, secure nesting areas, and close monitoring. Successful breeding contributes to preserving this unique breed, allowing future generations to admire the beauty and charm of Scandaroon pigeons.